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Optimising PHP Performance for High Traffic Websites

PHP is a popular programming language that is widely used for web development. It is known for its ease of use and flexibility, but as websites grow and traffic increases, the performance of PHP can become an issue. In this post, we will discuss some tips and techniques to optimise PHP performance for high-traffic websites.

    Use a PHP accelerator: A PHP accelerator is a tool that caches the compiled bytecode of PHP scripts to avoid the overhead of parsing and compiling the code on each request. This can greatly improve the performance of your website. Some popular PHP accelerators include APC, XCache, and OpCache.

    Optimize database queries: Database queries are often the biggest bottleneck in a PHP application. Make sure to use indexes, limit the number of rows returned, and use caching when possible to reduce the load on the database.

    Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN): A CDN is a network of servers that are distributed across multiple geographic locations. By using a CDN, your website's static files can be served from a server that is geographically closer to the user, resulting in faster load times.

    Minimise the use of global variables: Global variables can be accessed from anywhere in the script, which can lead to unexpected behaviour and slow performance. Minimise the use of global variables and use dependency injection instead.

    Use caching: Caching can greatly improve the performance of your website by reducing the number of requests to the server. You can use caching for both server-side and client-side caching.

    Monitor and measure: Finally, it's important to monitor and measure the performance of your website. This will help you identify bottlenecks and areas that need improvement. Tools like Xdebug, Blackfire, and New Relic can help you with this.

By following these tips and techniques, you can optimise the performance of your PHP website and handle high traffic with ease. However, it's important to keep in mind that every website is different and may require a different approach. Also, it's always a good idea to keep your PHP version up to date as new versions usually come with performance improvements.


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